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London metro opened in 1863 (Baker Street-Farringdon; Farringdon-Paddington). The system was constantly developed and extended reaching its current asset (12 lines).
The first section of Metropolitan Line opened in 1863 (Baker Street-Farringdon); it was extended during 1865-1925.
The first section of Hammersmith & City Line opened in 1863 (Paddington-Farringdon); it was extended during 1864-1902.
The first section of District Line opened in 1863 (Paddington-Farringdon); it was extended during 1864-1867.
The first section of Northern Line opened in 1867 (Highgate-Mill Hill East); it was extended during 1870-1926.
The first sections of Circle Line opened in 1875 (Moorgate-Liveropool Street); it was extended during 1877-1879.
The first section of Jubilee Line opened in 1879 (West Hampstead-Kilburn); it was extended in 1880, 1893, 1932, 1979 and 1999.
Waterloo & City line opened in 1898 (shuttle service between Waterloo railway station and the City of London); it became operated as a part of the London metro in 1994.
The first section of Central Line opened in 1900 (Shepherd's Bush-Bank); it was extended during 1907-1948.
The first section of Bakerloo Line opened in 1906 (Elephant & Castle-Baker Street); it was extended in 1907-1917.
The first section of Piccadilly Line opened in 1906 (Finsbury Park-Hammersmith); it was extended in 1907, 1932-1933, 1975 and 1977.
Victoria Line opened in 1968 (Walthamstow Central-Warren Street; Warren Street-Brixton).
Docklands Light Railway (DLR) Line opened in 1987 (Tower Gateway-Poplar; Poplar-Stratford; Poplar-Island Gardens). This driverless metro system mostly runs on viaduct with limited underground and ground level segments; DLR serves East End and Docklands northern areas (which were - at DLR opening date - very residual and under utilized).
DLR system currently consists in 4 branches (Stratford-Lewisham; Bank-Lewisham; Bank-Woolwich Arsenal; Tower Gateway-Beckton) converging at Poplar.
The first phase (1987) was Island Gardens-Tower Gateway plus Stratford-Poplar, followed in 1991 by Bank extension (assuring a crucial connection to the underground/metro network), in 1994 by Beckton extension (1994), in 1999 by Lewisham extension (Island Gardens-Lewisham), in 2005 by the London City Airport and King George V extensions, in 2009 by King George V-Woolwich Arsenal extension. Another important addition (Canning Town-Stratford) was completed on August 2011, mostly running along a former North London Railway section.
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
datesection nameline
1906Elephant & Castle-Baker StreetBakerloo line
1907Baker Street-Edgware RoadBakerloo line
1913Edgware Road-PaddingtonBakerloo line
1915Paddington-Willesden JunctionBakerloo line
1917Willesden Junction-Harrow & WealdstoneBakerloo line
1900Shepherd's Bush-BankCentral line
1907Bank-Tottenham Court RoadCentral line
1913Tottenham Court Road-Liverpool StreetCentral line
1920Shepherd's Bush-East ActonCentral line
1923East Acton-North Acton; North Acton-West ActonCentral line
1933Holborn stopCentral line
1946Liverpool Street-StratfordCentral line
1947Stratford-Woodford; White City stop; North Acton-GreenfordCentral line
1947-1948Wanstead-Roding ValleyCentral line
1948Greenford-West RuislipCentral line
1948Woodford-EppingCentral line
1863Paddington-FarringdonCircle line
1864Paddington-HammersmithCircle line
1865Farringdon-MoorgateCircle line
1866Westbourne Park stopCircle line
1868Moorgate-Bayswater-PaddingtonCircle line
1868Westminster-Edgware RoadDistrict line
1870-1871Westminster-Blackfriars-Mansion HouseDistrict line
1877Glouchester Road-Turnham Green; Turnham Green-RichmondDistrict line
1879Turnham Green-Ealing BroadwayDistrict line
1880Glouchester Road-Putney BridgeDistrict line
1884Mansion House-WhitechapelDistrict line
1889Putney Bridge-WimbledonDistrict line
1902Whitechapel-UpminsteDistrict line
1946Earls Court-Kensington OlympiaDistrict line
1863Paddington-FarringdonHammersmith & City line
1864Paddington-Ladbroke Grove-HammersmithHammersmith & City line
1864-1865Farringdon-MoorgateHammersmith & City line
1875Moorgate-Liveropool StreetHammersmith & City line
1902Liverpool Street-BarkingHammersmith & City line
1879West Hampstead-KilburnJubilee line
1880Kilburn-NeasdenJubilee line
1893Neasden-Wembley ParkJubilee line
1932Wembley Park-StanmoreJubilee line
1979West Hampstead-Green ParkJubilee line
1999Green Park-StradfordJubilee line
1863Baker Street-FarringdonMetropolitan line
1865Farringdon-MoorgateMetropolitan line
1875-1876AldgateMetropolitan line
1879Baker Street-Finchley RoadMetropolitan line
1880Finchley Road-Harrow on the HillMetropolitan line
1885-1887Harrow on the Hill-RickmansworthMetropolitan line
1889Rickmansworth-CheshamMetropolitan line
1904Harrow on the Hill-UxbridgeMetropolitan line
1925Moor Park-WatfordMetropolitan line
1867Highgate-Mill Hill EastNorthern line
1870Highgate-EmbankmentNorthern line
1872Finchley Central-High BarnetNorthern line
1890Embankment-StockwellNorthern line
1900Stockwell-Clapham NorthNorthern line
1907Golders Green-Mornington CrescentNorthern line
1924Mornington Crescent-EdgwareNorthern line
1926Clapham North-MordenNorthern line
1906Finsbury Park-HammersmithPiccadilly Line
1906Finsbury Park-HammersmithPiccadilly Line
1932Finsbury Park-Arnos GrovePiccadilly Line
1932-1933Hammersmith-UxbridgePiccadilly Line
1933Arnos Grove-CockfostersPiccadilly Line
1933Acton Town-Enfield WestPiccadilly Line
1975Hounslow West-Hatton CrossPiccadilly Line
1977Hatton Cross-HeatrowPiccadilly Line
1968Walthamstow Central-Warren StreetVictoria Line
1968-1971Warren Street-BrixtonVictoria Line
1898Bank-WaterlooWaterloo & City line
31-08-1987Tower Gateway-Poplar; Poplar-Stratford; Poplar-Island GardensDLR
1995Poplar-Beckton via Canning TownDLR
02-12-2005Canning Town-King George VDLR
09-12-2007fermata Langdon ParkDLR
10-01-2009King George-Woolwich ArsenaDLR
02-03-2009Tower Gateway stop renewalDLR
31-08-2011Canning Town-StratfordDLR
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
Single line length (Km)
Bakerloo line:23.2
Central line:74
Circle line:27.2
District line:64
Hammersmith & City line:25.5
Jubilee line:36.2
Metropolitan line:66.7
Northern line:58
Piccadilly line:71
Victoria line:21
Waterloo & City line:2.5
Single line stops
Bakerloo line:25
Central line:49
Circle line:36
District line:60
Hammersmith & City line:29
Jubilee line:27
Metropolitan line:34
Northern line:50
Piccadilly line:53
Victoria line:16
Waterloo & City line:2
Single line avg. distance (km)
Bakerloo line:1.0
Central line:1.5
Circle line:0.8
District line:1.1
Hammersmith & City line:0.9
Jubilee line:
Metropolitan line:2.0
Northern line:1.2
Piccadilly line:1.4
Victoria line:1.4
Waterloo & City line:2.5
Total track length (km)
Total network stops
Avg. stop net distance (km)
steel wheels
Metro:630 V DC by third rail
DLM (DLR):750 V DC by third rail
standard gauge tracks (1435 mm)
Vehicles builder
Bakerloo line:METRO-CAMMEL
Central line:BREL/ADtranz
Circle line:BOMBARDIER
Hammersmith & City line:BOMBARDIER
Jubilee line:ALSTOM
Metropolitan line:BOMBARDIER
Northern line:ALSTOM
Piccadilly line:METRO-CAMMEL
Victoria line:BOMBARDIER
Waterloo & City line:BREL/ADtranz
Bakerloo line:1972 stock
Central line:1992 stock
Circle line:S7 stock
District line:D78 stock,S7 stock
Hammersmith & City line:S7 stock
Jubilee line:1996 stock
Metropolitan line:S8 stock
Northern line:1995 stock
Piccadilly line:1973 stock
Victoria line:Movioa (2009 stock)
Waterloo & City line:1972 stock

(DLM = Driverless Metro)
(last modified February 19, 2017 )
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metro - london; Source: "London Underground with Greater London map" di authors of the above, modified by me - File:London_Underground_full_map_complete.svg and File:Greater London UK district map (blank).svg. Con licenza CC BY-SA 3.0 tramite Wikimedia Commons -
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