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Before 1980
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(Russian Federation )NIZHNIY-NOVGOROD

Images kindly supplied by Metro Soyuza (Peter Donn). (Thanks)

Moskovskaja stop

Chkalovskaja stop

Leninskaja stop

Zarechnaja stop

Dvigatel Revoljucii stop

Komsomolskaja stop

Kirovskaja stop

Kanavinskaja stop

Komsomolskaja stop
Nizhniy Novgorod
Nizhniy Novgorod (former Gorky - from 1932 to 1990 - in honour of the famous Russian author who was born there) overtook the million of inhabitants in years '70s, getting the necessary Soviet features for a metro network. Works started in 1977 to be completed in 1985, when the first section Moskovskaya-Proletarskaya opened, followed later by some extensions (Proletarskaya - Komsomolskaya in 1987, Komsomolskaya-Park Kultury November in 1989, Moskovskaya-Burnakovskaya in 1993, Burnakovskaya-Burevestnik in 2002).
This metro system is fairly different from the typical Soviet scheme (3 radial lines forming a triangle in the city center), because of the charactestic morphology of the city. Nizhniy Novgorod is near the inflow of the Oka River in the Volga River, with the city center located on the right bank and the main industries (Krasnoye Sormovo, GAZ) and the residential suburbs for their workers (Kanavino, Sormovo, Avtozavodal) on the left bank. The original plan of the network is based on 2 lines which join each other at Moskovskaya interchange stop (4 tracks) near to the railways station; the first phase was centered on the industrial and residential areas of the right bank of Oka River, while new extensions crossing Oka and Volga Rivers were expected only in a second phase. The original plans have been deeply modified by the collapse of USSR and the subsequent economical and social changements: in Nizhniy Novgorod, as well as in other former Soviet cities, new tertiary activities (mostly located in the city center) took place of some industrial ones, so that the cross of Oka River (by a new metro bridge currently under construction), have become a priority, more than Sormovskaya extension towards Sormov (under construction too).
Metro Soyusa

description uptaded on Jan 29th, 2011

map created on Jan 29th, 2011 (© 2005-2014 Ing. M. Tarozzi)

CHRONOLOGY
02-11-1985Moskovskaya-Proletarskaya
08-08-1987Proletarskaya-Komsomol'skaya
15-11-1989Komsomol'skaya-Park Kul'tury
20-12-1993Moskovskaya-Burnakovskaya
09-09-2002Burnakovskaya-Burevestnik

CountryRussian Federation
LineNizhny Novgorod Metro (former Gorky Metro)
InhabitantsCity 1.300.000, District --
Date opening1985
Future development:planned extensions: Burevestnik-Sormovo (partly on surperficial railway tracks); Moskovskaya-Gorkovskaya (crossing Oka River by a new metro bridge)
Length (km)15.3
Track sectionstotally underground (2 lines: Sormovskaya, Avtozavodskaya)
Stops13, average distange m 1.300
Platformscentral (except for Burevestnik stop)
Platform doors--
General characteristicslength --, width --
n. of vehicles20
n. of cars per vehicle4
Typesteel wheels
Vehicle dimensions (m)(single car) length 19.2; width 2.70
Vehicle capacity (pax)(single car) 81-714: 332 (46 seated); 81-717: 308 (40 seated)
Frequency --
Current/Voltage825 V DC from third rail
Type of guide/gauge1524 mm gauge rails
Speed Km/hComm. --, Max 90
Accel./Decel. (m/sec2)1.1/1.2
System capacity--
Ridership17 millions pax/year
Total cost--
Staff--
System builderVAGONMASH, METROWAGONMASH
Model81-714/717
NOTE--
technical data uptaded on Feb 9th, 2011