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(Russian Federation )MOSCOW-L10

Images kindly supplied by Moscow Metro. (Thanks)

central platform

sliding scale

platform atrium

central platform

metro art

inside Metrowagonmash car
Moscow
Moscow developed from years 30s one of the world most extended metro network (about 270 km), which an extraordinary transport capacity (8 million pax/day, 3 billion pax/year). The metro system is mostly underground, even if lines 1, 2 and 4 cross Moscova River on a bridge (the same situation where line 1 crosses Yauza river) and Filyovskaya (line 4) has a long ground level section (from Kievskaya to Molodyozhnaya, 7 stops).
The network is based on some main radial lines, integrated and connected by a circle line (Koltsevaya, L5, opened at the beginning of years '50s). It's curious to remember that the remarkable deepth of Arbatskaya line (L3, Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya) was motivated by its potential nuclear shelter function during the cold war.
The first line, Sokolnicheskaya (L1, currently 26.2 km long) opened in 1925, followed by a segment (Sokol-Teatralnaya) of Zamoskvoretskaya (L2, currently 36.9 km) and a section (Arbatskaya-Kurskaya) of Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line (L3, currently 43.7 km long). These initial stretches were extended during the Second World War; in this period metro hosted temporally the Council of Ministers (at Mayakovskaya stop, L2), besides being used as air-raid shelter. After the war, a sixth line opened (L5 or Koltsevaya, which was closed into a ring in 1954 in order to connect each other all the radial lines; L5 is currently 19.3 km long), as well as some crucial developments of the third line Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya, like the very deep section from Ploshchad Revolyutsii to Kievskaya and its ground level extension towards Pervomaiskaya. The former (more superficial) track from Ploshchad Revolyutsii to Kievskaya was included in a new line (L4, Filyovskaya, currently 14.9 km long) that opened in 1958, as well as Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line (L6, 37.6 km), which hovever has the current configuration (connecting Oktyabrskaya to Prospekt Mira) after the fusion (1971) of 2 different stretches opened in 1958 and 1962. In 1966 it was completed a seventh line (Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya, L7, 35.9 km), the busiest of the whole network serving high density residential districts, followed 13 years later (1979) by an eigth line (Kalininskaya, L8, 13.1 km), connecting Perovo (eastern side) to the central area.
Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya (L9, one longest metro lines in the world with its 41.5 km north-south extension) opened in 1983, followed in 1995 by the 2 most recent lines of the network: Lyublinskaya (L10) and Kakhovskaya (L11). The former (28 km long) brought new interchange stops besides the ones along the ring line and in the city center (both often overcrowded) and an important connection to the southern districts of Marino and Lyublino, the second (3.4 km, which had to become the first short section of a new external circle line, to be completed in long term plans) provided important connections to the motorways going southwards to the Caucasus (Kashirskaya stop) and towards Ukraine and Crimea (Varshavskaya stop). All Kakhovskaya stops were built in 1969 being part of Zamoskvoretskaya line (L2), before being detached forming a new line.
With the new century, previous plans for new light metro lines (mostly on viaduct with short trains and stops) reached the executive phase; the main scope was to connect suburban areas to existing radial lines with lower costs than traditional metro lines. In 2003 the first line of this kind (Butovskaya Light Metro Line or BLLM) opened; its track extends Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line (L9) towards southern areas, with an initial underground section (1.8 km, in order to assure an efficient interchange with L9) followed by an elevated section up to Buninskaya Alleya terminal. Because of some technical troubles, an often negative attitude towards this system showed by many passengers and residents, final costs much higher than initial forecasts, the future of Light Metros in Moscow remains under question, even if another (yet approved) line could be completed in 2014 (Solntsevskaya Light Metro Line or SLLM, 11.9 km in length, whose construction began in 2004).
A recent addiction to the main network is the first monorail line (M1, from Ul. Sergeya Eyzenshteyna to Timiryazevskaya), opened in 2004; the track concept is to connect line 9 (Timiryazevskaya stop) and line 6 (Vystavochniy Sentr stop, close to Line 6 VDNKH Exhibition Center stop); another potential interchange stop with a future northern extension of line 10 could be between Ul Milashenkova and Teletsentr M1 stops. M1 passes through an important residential district and has a remarkable stop at VDNKH exhibition center.
www.mosmetro.ru (official site)

description uptaded on Dec 5th, 2011

map created on Dec 5th, 2011 (© 2005-2014 Ing. M. Tarozzi)

CHRONOLOGY
28-12-1995Chkalovskaya–Volzhskaya
25-12-1996Volzhskaya-Marino
11-12-1999Dubrovka stop
30-08-2007Chkalovskaya-Trubnaya
29-12-2007Sretenskiy Bulvar stop
19-06-2010Trubnaya-Marina Roshcha
02-12-2011Marino - Zyablikovo

CountryRussian Federation
LineLine 10 (Lyblinsko-Dmitrovskaya)
InhabitantsCity 8.800.000, District 10.125.000
Date opening1995
Future development:--
Length (km)27.9
Track sectionstotally underground
Stops17, average distange m 1650
Platformslength 155 m, width --
Platform doors--
General characteristics--
n. of vehicles81-714/717, 81-714.5/717.5, 81-714.5M/717.5M: --; 81-720/721: 7
n. of cars per vehicle7
Typesteel wheels
Vehicle dimensions (m)(single car) length 19.2; width 2.70
Vehicle capacity (pax)(single car) 81-714, 81-714.5, 81-714.5M: 332 (46 seated); 81-717, 81-717.5, 81-717.5M: 308 (40 seated); 81-720/721: 330-350
Frequency --
Current/Voltage825 V DC from third rail
Type of guide/gauge1524 mm gauge rails
Speed Km/hComm 41.5
Max 81-714/717, 81-714.5/717.5, 81-714.5M/717.5M: 90; 81-720/721: 100
Accel./Decel. (m/sec2)1.1/1.2
System capacity--
Ridership350.000 pax/day
Total cost--
Staff35.000
System builderMETROWAGONMASH
Model81-714/717, 81-714.5/717.5, 81-714.5M/717.5M, 81-720/721 ("Yauza")
NOTEstaff referred to the whole metro network
technical data uptaded on Dec 5th, 2011