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(Italy )MILAN-M4

Milan
Milan metro network currently consists in 3 lines.
The first line to be opened was M1 in 1964 (Lotto-Sesto Marelli section); now it runs for 27 km mostly north-south (Sesto 1 Maggio-Cairoli, with 2 branches towards Rho SFR/Fiera and Bisceglie); it's expected an extension to Monza Bettola (with a further phase up to Monza center).
The second line (M2, currently 39.4 km long) opened in 1969 (Caiazzo-Cascina Gobba section); it currently consists in 2 branches from Gessate and Cologno Nord which converge at Cascina Gobba stop, running south up to Famagosta stop, where M2 branches again toward the 2 southern terminals (P.za Abbiategrasso and Assago-Milanofiori Forum). An important park&ride area at Famagosta stop and 4 interchange stops with the railway main network (Lambrate, Centrale FS, Porta Garibaldi, Cadorna) must be mentioned. M2 also interchanges with M1 at Loreto and Cadorna stops.
The third line (M3) opened in 1990 (just before Italia '90 Football Worlcup); the first section (Centrale FS-Porta Romana) has been extended in 1991 (Centrale FS-Comasina), while the northern part of the line has been realized further in different steps. After the The current northern terminal is at Maciachini after the completion of Maciachini-Comasina extension on March 2011, with an important interchange stop (suburban railways) at Affori.
A forth line (M5, totally automated) is currently under construction, to be completed in time for EXPO 2015; M5 (Bignami-San Siro) is articulated in 2 phases (ph. 1: Bignami-Porta Garibaldi; ph. 2: Porta Garibaldi-San Siro), with a possible further northern extension from Bignami to Monza Bettola. M5 interchanges with M3 at Zara stop, with M2 at Porta Garibaldi and with M3 at Lotto.
It's also expected a fifth line (M4) running from S. Cristoforo FS to Linate Airport; this driverless line will be realized in project financing. The fully underground track will lay almost totally inside the territory of Milan municipality (with the exception of the final segment along viale Forlanini, which belonges to Peschiera Borromeo and Segrate municipalities), partly running along the old Cerchia dei Navigli alignement (S. Ambrogio, De Amicis, Santa Sofia). A first stretch of the line is expected to open in 2015.
In Milan there's one the most extended european tramway networks; the first horse-tram started its service in 1862, the first electric tramway opened in 1893. The maximum development of the network was in 1940 (more than 300 km).
In the successive years some reductions, related also to the metro net completion, brought a relative cut (currently the tram net is about 170 km), even if, as regards as what happened in other towns, the tramway operations never had complete or massive interruptions.
In the last years the tram system has been renewed and modernized, with the lanes segregation in many sections, the adoption of a modern low floor rolling stock (Bombardier Eurotram, Ansaldo Sirio) and the addiction of new modern lines (metrotranvie): these innovations have increased the average commercial speed and the system efficiency.
At the end of year 2002 the first of the so-called metrotranvie (LRT modern systems) started its operations (linea 7 or Metrotranvia Interperiferica Nord: Mattei-Bicocca-Zara-Lagosta, extended in 2003 - from Lagosta to Procaccini, where it interchanges with metro M1 - and in 2007 with Mattei-Precotto-Anassagora section), followed at the end of year 2003 by metrotranvia nord (Linea 4: Parco Nord-Maciachini-Cairoli/Castello) and metrotranvia sud (Linea 15: Fontana-Abbiategrasso-Rozzano). Another Metrotranvia line opened on 7 December 2008: Metrotranvia Milano-Cinisello Balsamo connects Lagosta to Cinisello Monte Ortigara, partly in track sharing with Metrotranvia Interperiferica Nord.
Metrotranvie rationalize the existing network, mixing some elder tram segments to new functional connections.
ATM (official site)

description uptaded on Apr 16th, 2011

map created on Apr 16th, 2011 (© 2005-2014 Ing. M. Tarozzi)

CountryItaly
LineM4
InhabitantsCity 1.300.000, District 4.250.000
Date opening2015
Future development:--
Length (km)15
Track sectionstotally underground
Stops21, average distance m 750
Platforms--
Platform doors--
General characteristicslength --, width --
n. of vehicles--
n. of cars per vehicle--
Typesteel wheels
Vehicle dimensions (m)length --, width --
Vehicle capacity (pax)--
Frequency --
Current/Voltage--
Type of guide/gauge--
Speed Km/hComm. --, Max --
Accel./Decel. (m/sec2)--
System capacity--
Ridership86 millions px/year
Total cost80 M Euro/km
Staff--
System builder--
Model--
NOTE--
technical data uptaded on Jan 29th, 2011