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(Germany )KARLSRUHE

Images kindly supplied by KVV. (Thanks)

Kaiserstrasse

tram-train on bridge

Murgtalbahn: Obertsrot stop

Bahnhof Forbach

Rheinbruecke in Worth

system change place

Niederflurbahn at Marketplatz

Niederflurbahn in Karlsruhe

Stadtbahn and TGV cars
Karlsruhe
The so-called Karlsruhe Model has been developed re-using many of the local dismissed or under utilized railway tracks (previous Albtalbahn -years '60- and Hardtbahn -years '70- experiences must be mentioned) in order to extend the urban tramway network up to suburban areas, without the need of any tram to train (or viceversa) interchange.
On 25 September 1992 (after many accurate tests) the first segment of the network (Karlsruhe-Bretten) started its operations in tram-train mode (with automatic DC/AC tram-train transition on tracks), followed in the nezt years by many others sections (Karlsruhe-Worth, Karlsruhe-Bissingen, Karlsruhe-Baden/Baden, Karlsruhe-Eppingen-Heilbronn, Bruchsal-Menzingen/Odenheim, etc.).
The growt of the system has been accompanied by the armonization of railways and LRT timetables on the common routes, while the success (concerning the ridership level) of tram-train operations has brought into the suburban and regional railway system other sections of national (DBAG) or private (SWEG South-West German Rys.) freight railways tracks.
Currently the Karlsruhe system combines urban and suburban (LRT) tram lines, with many sections along railways tracks in track-sharing with regional or national trains (S1: Hochstetten-Karlsruhe-Bad Herrenalb; S4: Achern-Karlsruhe-Bretten-Eppingen-Heilbronn-Ohringen; S5: Bietingheim/Bissingen- Pforzheim-Karlsruhe-Worth Dorschberg; S6: Pforzheim-Bad Wilbad; S11: Ittersbach-Karlsruhe-Hochstetten; S41: Herrenberg-Freudenstadt-Karlsruhe Europaplatz), and all this is integrated by some regional railway lines.
KVV (official site)


description uptaded on Jan 31st, 2011

map created on Jan 29th, 2011 (© 2005-2014 Ing. M. Tarozzi)

CHRONOLOGY
25-09-1992Karlsruhe-Bretten
1994Karlsruhe-Rastatt; Karlsruhe-Bruchsal; Bretten-Bruchsal
1996Karlsruhe-Baden Baden
1997Karlsruhe-Pforzheim; Bretten-Eppingen; Karlsruhe-Worth
1998Bruchsal-Odenheim
1999Bretten-Muhlacker; Pforzheim-Bietigheim-Bissingen; Eppingen-Heilbronn Hbf
2001Heilbronn Hbf-Heilbronn centre
2002Rastatt-Forbach; Pforzheim-Bad Wildbad
2003Forbach-Freudenstadt
2004Baden Baden-Achern
2005Heilbronn-Ohringen
2006Blankenloch-Spock; Freudenstadt-Eutingen

CountryGermany
LineStadtbahn
InhabitantsCity 270.000, District --
Date opening1992
Future development:400
Track sections65 km within Karlsruhe boundaries, with some sections in track-sharing with DB railways
Stops--
Platforms--
Platform doors--
General characteristics--
n. of vehicles77 (36 old type, 41 new type)
n. of cars per vehicle--
Typesteel wheels bi-directional
Vehicle dimensions (m)length 36.60, width 2.65
Vehicle capacity (pax)215/223 (100 seated)
Frequency --
Current/Voltagetram mode: 750 V DC, train mode: 15 KV AC
Type of guide/gaugestandard gauge rails (1435 mm)
Speed Km/hComm. --, Max 100
Accel./Decel. (m/sec2)--
System capacity--
Ridership120 million pax/year
Total cost3 millions DM/km (first phase Karlsruhe-Bretten)
Staff1250
System builderBOMBARDIER-SIEMENS
ModelGT8-100/2S-M, GT8-100/2S
NOTEADTranz-Siemens rolling stock (ADTranz is now part of Bombardier); rolling stock referred only to the lines with track sharing (S1,S2,S4,S5,S11,S41)
contract signed with Bombardier for the delivery of 30 Flexity Swift dual vehicles (2011-2013, 129 M Euro)
technical data uptaded on Jan 29th, 2011